Kidney stones form due to high levels of phosphorus, calcium or oxalate in the urine. Some foods may also cause kidney stones. You’re at a higher risk of having kidney stones if your family has a history of kidney stones, if you have a condition that affects substance levels in your urine, if you have recurrent urinary tract infections or if your urinary tract is blocked, you have digestive problems, you take certain medicines or you don’t drink enough water or fluids. Read on to learn how to remove kidney stones.
There are different types of kidney stones. Calcium stones are the most common. Calcium that’s not used by the muscles and bones goes to the kidneys and the excess calcium is flushed out with the rest of the urine. However, those who have calcium stones retain the calcium in their kidneys. The calcium that remains combines with other waste products to form stones. Uric acid stones form when the urine has too much acid. Those who consume a lot of fish, shellfish or meat may develop uric acid stones. Struvite acid stones form after a kidney infection. Cystine stones form due to a genetic disorder.
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Kidney stones that are smaller than five millimeters need no surgery or medical intervention as they usually pass on their own. However, larger stones have to be removed using the right course of treatment to relieve your discomfort.
How to Remove Kidney Stones
There are various ways how to remove kidney stones. Here are some of the natural methods for a kidney flush. If none of the natural methods for how to remove kidney stones work for you, you must resort to medical procedures.
Surgery is not the only solution to kidney stones. Generally, it should be the last option for removing the stones. Before you undergo any form of surgery, you should look for alternatives first. There are natural methods that can help you get rid of kidney stones.
Drink plenty of water
Removing kidney stones can be done through natural means. Increasing the amount of water you drink is one of the best ways for diluting your kidney stones. The increase in liquid will boost the amount of urine produced by the body as well. The stones will be flushed out of the body quicker than if you were not drinking a lot of water.
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Eat foods with water soluble fibers
You should increase your consumption of foods that contain water soluble fibers. This will help your body break down kidney stones a lot faster. The faster the stones can be broken down, the faster they can be flushed out of the body and the faster you can become comfortable again.
Try herbal teas
Herbal teas are believed to be beneficial when trying to get rid of kidney stones through natural methods. Black tea improves the flow of urine because it is a diuretic. Apple cider vinegar is also said to help dissolve stones. Mix one tablespoon of apple cider vinegar with water and drink it. You should still get your doctor’s approval before you try any herbal tea. Complications may occur if you are on a medication.
Make changes in your diet
How to remove kidney stones by changing your diet? Since kidney stones form due to the buildup of certain minerals, you need to reduce your consumption of foods that contain these particular minerals. By doing so, you can shrink your kidney stones so that they can easily pass on their own. If you have uric acid stones, you should avoid spinach, beans, cauliflower and other foods with uric acid.
If you have calcium oxalate stones, you should not consume grapes, coffee, chocolate, sweet potatoes and other foods that contain high levels of oxalate. If you are suffering from calcium stones, you should reduce or avoid salty foods, dairy products and fatty foods. Making changes in your diet will not only help you reduce the size of your kidney stone. It will also improve your overall health. If you want to be free from pain, you should begin making changes as early as now.
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Learning how to remove kidney stones doesn’t have to be complicated. Small kidney stones are flushed out of the body naturally, but larger stones need medical intervention. Visit your doctor if you feel pain, especially if you’ve had a kidney stone before. Your doctor will determine the right course of treatment for the problem. Make sure that you follow your doctor’s advice for your faster recovery.
Ureteroscopic Stone Removal
Ureteroscopic stone removal is done by passing the ureteroscope, a tiny fiberoptic instrument, through the urethra and bladder into the patient’s ureter. Once the stone is found, it is removed using a cage-like tool or broken down with a certain instrument that generates a form of shockwave. A small tube may be left in the ureter for several days to help the ureter’s lining heal. Ureteroscopic stone removal is done under common anesthesia to remove the stones found in the lower and middle ureter. Large stones are broken down using a laser and small stones are eliminated.
Extracorporeal Shockwave Lithotripsy
In Extracorporeal Shockwave Lithotripsy, non-electrical shock waves are used to pulverize stones. The shock waves pass through the tissues and skin until they hit the stones. The stones are pulverized and are flushed out of the body naturally.
Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy is used when the kidney stones are too large or in an area that cannot be treated using Extracorporeal Shockwave Lithotripsy. In Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy, a small incision is made in the back of the patient. A tunnel is made into the kidney. Using a nephroscope, the stone is located and eliminated. An energy probe is used for larger stones to break down the stone into tinier pieces for easy removal. One of the best things about Nephrolithotomy is that the stone fragments are removed. You don’t need to depend on the natural passage of the stone.
Open surgery involves opening the location and removing the kidney stones. The patient is placed under anesthesia. The surgeon makes an incision in the skin and unlocks the ureter or kidney in order for the stone to be manually eliminated. Open surgery is a major operation, so healing may take 4 to 6 weeks.